Faculty Directory

Hu, Liangbing

Hu, Liangbing

Herbert Rabin Distinguished Professor
Director, Center for Materials Innovation
Finalist of Blavatnik Award for Young Scientists (2019, 2018)
Invention of the Year, UMD (2019, 2013)
R&D 100 Award (2020, 2018)
Materials Science and Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
Maryland Energy Innovation Institute
2330C Jeong H. Kim Engineering Building


  • Ph.D., UCLA, 2007 


Nanomaterials and nanostructures; energy storage: battery, supercapacitors for various applications; energy conversion: solar cells, solar fuel, transparent electrode, light-trapping; printed electronics including nano-ink, roll-to-roll printing, flexible electronics (display, touch screen, energy), and wearable devices.

  • The Bing Research Group works at the intersections of three fields: Nanomaterials, energy, and flexible electronics.
  • Current projects in nanomaterials include synthesis and nanomanufacturing, and the structure, properties and applications of materials. Areas of interest include nanocellulose (1D) and 2D materials.
  • The group's work in the design of energy-related devices include investigations of sodium-ion batteries, garnet-based solid state batteries, lithium-sulfer dioxide bateries, and nanobatteries.
  • Professor Hu has also become well known for his creation of flexible electronic materials and devices, such as transparent "nanopaper," nanotube ink, energy textiles, and tiny, printed antennae.

Professor Hu teaches "Nanotechnology for Energy: Principles, Materials and Devices" at the undergraduate and graduate levels.

Professor Hu is also active in mentoring and outreach activities, including serving as an advisor to a Gemstone honors program team, hosting visits from high school students in Women In Engineering's LEAD Academy summer program, a partnership with Wheaton High School to create summer internships and new science lessons, and talking to visitors of all ages about materials science at Maryland Day.

  • Wang, C.; Ping, W.; Bai, Q.; Cui, H.; Hensleigh, R.; Wang, R.; Brozena, A., Xu, Z.; Dai, J.; Pei, Y.; Zheng, C.; Pastel, G.; Gao, J.; Wang, X.; Wang, H.; Zhao, J.; Yang, B.; Luo, J.; Zheng, X.; Mo, Y.; Dunn, B.; Hu, L.* A General Method to Synthesize and Sinter Bulk Ceramics in Seconds, Science, 2020, 268 (6490), 521-526. (COVER)

  • Yao, Y.; Liu, Z.; Xie, P.; Huang, Z.; Li, T.; Morris, D.; Fincrock, Z.; Zhou, J.; Jiao, M.; Gao, J.; Miao, J.; Zhang, P.; Shahbazian-Yassar, R.; Wang, C.; Wang, G.; Hu, L.*, Computationally-Aided, Entropy-Driven Synthesis of Highly Efficient and Durable Multi-elemental Alloy Catalysts, Science Advances, 2020, 6 (11), eaaz0510.

  • Yang, C.; Ko, B., Hwang, S., Liu, Z., Yao, Y., Luc, W., Cui, M., Malkani, A., Li, T., Wang, X., Dai, J., Xu, B., Wang, G., Su, D., Jiao, F., Hu, L.*, Overcoming Immiscibility toward Bimetallic Catalyst Library, Science Advances, 2020, 6 (17), eaaz6844.  

  • Hou, D.; Li, T.; Chen, X.; He, S.; Dai, J.; Mofid, S.A.; Hou, D.; Iddya, A.; Jassby, D.; Yang, R.; Hu, L.* Hydrophobic nanostructured wood membrane for thermally efficient distillation. Science Advances, 2019, 5 (8), 3203. 

  • Li, T.; Li, S.; Kong, W.; Chen, C.; Hitz, E.; Jia, C.; Dai, J.; Zhang, X.; Briber, R.; Siwy, Z.; Reed, M.; Hu, L.*, A nanofluidic ion regulation membrane with aligned cellulose nanofibers. Science Advances, 2019, 5 (2), eaau4238.

  • Gan, W.; Chen, C.; Kim, H.; Jia, Q.; Zhi, W.; Dong, Z.; Zhou, Z.; Ping, W.; He, S.; Xiao, S.; Yu, M. *; Hu, L.* Single-Digit-Micrometer Thickness Wood Speaker, Nature Communications, 2019, 10, 5084.

  • Xie, P.; Yao, Y.; Huang, Z.; Liu, Z.; Zhang, J.; Li, T.; Wang, G.; Shahbazian-Yassar, R.; Hu, L.*; Wang, C. Highly Efficient Decomposition of Ammonia Using High-Entropy Alloy Catalysts, Nature Communications, 2019, 10, 4011.

  • Li, T.; Zhai, Y.; He, S.; Gan, W.; Wei, Z.; Heidarinejad, M.; Dalgo, D.; Mi, R.; Zhao, X.; Song, J.; Dai, J.; Chen, C.; Aili, A.; Vellore, A.; Martini, A.; Yang, R.; Srebric, J.; Yin, X.; Hu, L.* A Radiative Cooling Structural Material. Science, 2019, 364 (6442), 760.

  • Yao, Y.; Huang, Z.; Xie, P.; Wu, L.; Ma, L.; Li, T.; Pang, Z.; Jiang, M.; Liang, Z.; Gao, J.; He, Y.; Kline, D.; Zachariah, M.; Wang, C.; Lu, J.; Li, T.; Wang, C.; Shahbazian-Yassar, R.; Hu, L.* High Temperature Shockwave Stabilized Single Atoms, Nature Nanotechnology, 2019, 14 (9), 851.

  • Li, T.; Zhang, X.; Lacey, S. D.; Mi, R.; Zhao, X.; Jiang, F.; Song, J.; Liu, Z.; Chen, G.; Dai, J.; Yao, Y.; Das, S.; Yang, R.; Briber, R. M.; Hu, L.* Cellulose Ionic Conductors with High Differential Thermal Voltage for Low-Grade Heat Harvesting. Nature Materials, 2019, 18 (6), 608.

  • Yao, Y.; Huang, Z.; Xie, P.; Lacey, S.; Jacob, R.; Xie, H.; Chen, F.; Nie, A.; Pu, T.; Rehwoldt, M.; Yu, D.; Zachariah, M.; Wang, C.; Shahbazian-Yassar R.; Li, J.; Hu, L.* Carbo-Thermal Shock Synthesis of High Entropy Alloy Nanoparticles. Science, 2018, 359 (6383), 1489 (COVER).

  • Song, J.; Chen, C.; Zhu, S.; Zhu, M.; Dai, J.; Ray, U.; Li, Y.; Kuang, Y.; Li, Y.; Quyispe, N.; Yao, Y.; Gong, A.; Leiste, U.H.; Bruck, H.A.; Zhu, J.Y.; Vellore, A.; Martini, A.; Li, T.; Hu, L.* Processing Wood into Super Strong and Tough Structural Materials. Nature, 2018, 554 (7691), 224.

  • Li, T,; Pickel, A.; Yao, Y.; Chen, Y.; Zeng, Y.; Lacey, S.D.; Li, Y.; Wang, Y.; Dai, J.; Wang, Y.; Yang, B.; Fuhrer, M.S.; Marconnet, A.; Drew, D.H.; Hu, L.* High Performance Thermoelectric in 3300 K Reduced Graphene Oxide Networks with High Temperature Capability. Nature Energy, 2018, 3 (2), 148.  

  • Li, T.; Song, J.; Zhao, X.; Yang, Z.; Pastel, G.; Xu, S.; Jia, C.; Dai, J.; Chen, C.; Gong, A.; Jiang, F.; Yao, Y.; Fan, T.; Yang, B.; Wågberg, L.; Yang, R.; Hu, L.* Anisotropic, Lightweight, Strong, and Super Thermally Insulating Nanowood with Naturally Aligned Nanocellulose, Science Advances, 2018, 4 (3), 3724.

  • Han, X.; Gong, Y.; Fu, K.K.; He, X.; Hitz, G.T.; Dai, J.; Pearse, A.; Liu, B.; Wang, H.; Rubloff, G.; Mo, Y., Thangadurai, V.; Wachsman.; Hu, L.* Negating Interfacial Impedance in Garnet-Based Solid-State Li Metal Batteries, Nature Materials, 2017, 16 (5), 572.

  • Wang, C.; Fu, K.; Dai, J.; Lacey, S.; Yao, Y.; Pastel, G.; Xu, L.; Zhang, J.; Hu L.* Inverted Battery Design as Ion Generator for Interfacing with Biosystems, Nature Communications, 2017, 8, 15609. 

  • Chen, Y.; Egan, G.; Wan, J.; Zhu, S.; Zhou, W.; Dai, J.; Wang, Y.; Danner, V.; Yao, Y.; Fu, K.; Wang, Y.; Li, T.; Zachariah, M.; Hu, L.* Ultra-fast self-assembly and stabilization of reactive nanoparticles in reduced graphene oxide films, Nature Communications, 2016, 7, 12332.

  • Fu, K.; Gong, Y.; Liu, B.; Zhu, Y.; Xu, S.; Yao, Y.; Luo, W.; Wang, C.; Lacey, S.; Dai, J.; Chen, Y.; Mo, Y.; Wachsman, E.; Hu, L.* Towards Garnet Electrolyte-based Li metal batteries: An Ultrathin, Highly Effective Artificial Solid-State Electrolyte/Metallic Li Interface, Science Advances, 2016, 3 (4), e1601659. 

  • Bao, W.; Wan, J.; Han, X.; Cai, X.; Zhu, H.; Kim, D.; Ma, D.; Munday, J.; Drew, D.; Fuhrer, M.; Hu, L.* Approaching the Limits of Transparency and Conductivity in Graphitic Materials through Lithium Intercalation, Nature Communications, 2014, 5, 4224.

Selected Patents and Patent Applications

  • G. Gruner, L. Hu, D. Hecht, Graphene Film as Transparent and Electrically Conducting Material, Issued, US 7449133, 2006.
  • Y. Cui, L. Hu, H. Wu, Cu Nanofiber Transparent Electrode, Nonprovisional STFD259P1.
  • L. Hu, J. Choi, Y. Yang, Y. Cui, Conductive Paper and Textile for Electronics, Stanford, Nonprovisional S09-252.

UMD-Led Team Wins NSF Award for Rapid Materials Design

The collaborative team receives $1.8 million in funding to develop an integrated framework to drive the rapid design of novel materials for batteries and fuel cells.

Moldable Wood from Water ‘Shock’ Process

A UMD research team has developed a strong yet incredibly flexible wood material that could be used in construction, automotives, and beyond.

Expanded Wood Fiber for High-Performance Solid-State Paper Batteries

UMD research group invented the first high-performance solid-state paper batteries by a new molecular scale engineering method.

Liangbing Hu’s HighT-Tech Wins 2021 Spinoff Prize

Prize conferred to UMD start-up for innovative catalysis development.

Three Engineers Among 2021-2022 Distinguished Scholar-Teachers

Abshire, Fisher and Hu honored for outstanding success in scholarly accomplishment and excellence in teaching.

Convocation to Shine Spotlight on Faculty, Staff Accomplishments

Six Clark School faculty and staff will be honored at UMD's 38th annual Convocation on Sept. 15, 2021.

Maryland Engineering ranked #12 public undergraduate program in the country

For the third consecutive year, the Clark School's rises in U.S. News & World Report ranking.

Liangbing Hu Named Finalist for 2021 Blavatnik National Awards for Young Scientists

The winners of the $250K prize will be announced on July 20.

Liangbing Hu Named 2021/2022 Distinguished Scholar-Teacher

Hu has been recognized for his outstanding contributions to both research and teaching.

Liangbing Hu Elected to the Class of 2021 MRS Fellows

Hu is the first UMD scholar to receive this honor.

Plastic Alternative Made 100% of Wood

Study on strong, biodegradable and recyclable bioplastic published in Nature Sustainability.

Could Nanocellulose Save Us?

The building blocks of plants may taper our dependency on fossil fuels.

CREB Kicks Off 2021 with Meeting to Discuss Future of Battery Research

The virtual meeting aimed to bolster battery technology under extreme conditions.

10 Maryland MSE Faculty Members Ranked in Top 2% of World Scientists

Report prepared by Stanford University experts.

Scientists Design and Synthesize Denary Oxide Nanoparticles as Highly Stable Catalysts

Multi-Institutional research study made the January 2021 cover of Nature Catalysis.

UMD-Harvard team wins ARPA-E award for Transformational Energy Technology

Team to develop ultrahigh temperature coatings for jet engines and electricity-generation gas turbines

Seven UMD Engineers Recognized as Highly Cited Researchers

Clarivate Highly Cited Researchers have published multiple papers frequently cited by their peers over the last decade.

Two Maryland Energy Innovation Institute Start-Ups Named to Governor’s Future 20 List

Ion Storage Systems and InventWood hailed as talented innovators

Printed Solid-State Batteries

Printable, high-performance solid-state electrolyte films for next generation Li batteries.

Better than sponge: Elastic Wood

Liangbing Hu research group continues to make headlines with their out of the (timber) box thinking.

MSE Researcher Chengwei Wang Receives MRS Postdoctoral Award

Wang will be honored during an event coordinated with the 2020 Virtual MRS Spring/Fall Meeting later this year.

UMD receives 24th ARPA-E Award

Research Project to Develop Smart Alloy Coating

Wood Cathode Architecture Continues to Make Headlines

Lingbing Hu's study on high-capacity, long-life Li-CO2 battery reported in BBC.

Hafezi, Hu Named Blavatnik Finalists for Second Straight Year

For the second year in a row, two Clark School faculty members have been named Finalists of the Blavatnik National Awards for Young Scientists.

MSE Ph.D. Candidate Receives NSF Graduate Research Fellowship

Dylan Kirsch, on track to complete his Ph.D. in 2022, is focused on high-performing thermoelectrics.

New solar panels suck water from air to cool themselves down

Dr. Liangbing Hu quoted in Science magazine

New, superfast method for ceramic manufacturing could open door to AI-driven materials discovery

UMD engineers have reinvented a 26,000-year-old manufacturing process into an innovative approach to fabricating ceramic materials.

Maryland Engineers Open Door to Big New Library of Tiny Nanoparticles

A new study published in Science Advances expands the landscape of nanomaterials, and what we can do with them.

Micro-reactor Produces Quality Nanoparticles

Research team led by Liangbing Hu publishes study in Materials Today.

UMD Launches Center for Materials Innovation

Research center, led by Liangbing Hu, will use innovative materials development to solve the world’s most pressing problems. 

Computer-designed nanoparticles could speed us toward hydrogen economy

Mixing the unmixable, scientists create efficient catalyst for hydrogen energy extraction

MSE Ranked #23 by U.S. News and World Report

UMD’s Materials Science and Engineering Department hits #23 in U.S. graduate school rankings – its highest ranking yet.

Accelerating Materials Discovery for a Clean Energy Future

UMD leads team that developed process for discovering new materials for clean energy use

Tian Li to Receive Materials Research Society Postdoctoral Award

Li will be honored at the 2020 MRS Spring Meeting  in April.

Thin Wood Film Amplifies Speaker Technology

UMD study published in Nature Communications.

Emily Hitz Named by Nature as One of Five Early Career Researchers in Materials Science

Hitz is an MSE Ph.D. student, advised by Liangbing Hu, conducting research on solid-state batteries.

MEI² Scientists Named Highly Cited Researchers in 2019

Hu and Wang identified by Web of Science

High Temperature Thermal Shocks Increase Stability of Single Atom Catalysts

Multi-institutional study published in Nature Nanotechnology August 12.

'Wood' You Like Some Fresh Water?

New treatment for wood could make a membrane to extract fresh water.

Two Clark School Faculty Named Finalists of Prestigious Blavatnik National Awards for Young Scientists

Hafezi and Hu are among 31 of the nation's rising stars who will compete for three Blavatnik National Awards.

Cooling Wood: An Eco-Friendly Building Material

UMD and Boulder engineers create strong, sustainable solution for passive cooling

Hu, Leite and Mo Promoted

MSE professors honored at the 2019 Engineering Assembly.

Yonggang Yao Awarded Charles A. Caramello Distinguished Dissertation Award

Yao will be honored at the May 14th UMD graduate school awards ceremony.

Solar evaporator offers a fresh route to fresh water

A self-cleaning device made of wood aims to make small-scale desalination more practical.

Wood-based Technology Creates Electricity from Heat

Briber, Das and Hu make novel heat-conversion membrane

Liangbing Hu Nominated for Invention of the Year Award

Winner will be announced at the 2019 Innovate Maryland event on April 11.

Wachsman and Wang “Battery 500” Awards selected for Phase II

DOE greenlights 2 UMD awards in second round

Clark School Faculty Members Named Highly Cited Researchers

Hu, Wang demonstrated significant influence through publication of multiple highly cited papers during the last decade.

"Super Wood" wins multiple awards

Professors Hu and Li receive over $3.6M in funding

MSE PhD Candidate Yonggang Yao Takes 1st Place in 2018 Dean's Doctoral Research Competition

Yao, advised by Liangbing Hu, will complete his PhD this Spring.

Scientists Mix the Unmixable to Create 'Shocking' Nanoparticles

Researchers are the first to create nanoscale particles composed of up to eight distinct elements generally known to be immiscible.

UMD ARPA-E Innovations transitioning to commercial reality

Transforming energy research into useable technology

Sturdy Insulator Made of Wood

Bio-friendly insulating material created by UMD engineers

2018 ARPA-E Summit to Showcase UMD Innovations

UMD Energy Innovation Technologies dominate

UMD Researchers Create New Architecture for Solid-State Li-ion Batteries

Novel garnet-fiber textiles maintain desired electrolyte flexibility while enabling high-capacity Li-metal anodes. 

Super Wood Could Replace Steel

A new process could make wood as strong as titanium alloy but lighter and cheaper

UMD Researchers Focus Energy on Current Collector Improvements

Research paper published in Advanced Energy Materials.

Clark School Researchers Recognized Among "World's Most Influential Scientific Minds"

Three Clark School faculty members have been named to Clarivate Analytics' 2017 Highly Cited Researchers list.

Li Named to Forbes' "30 Under 30" List

Clark School postdoc receives international recognition for her contributions to transparent wood.

MSE PhD Student Receives 3-Year NASA Fellowship

Emily Hitz is one of only five recipients of Aeronautics Scholarships and Advanced STEM Training and Research Fellowship.

Liangbing Hu Wins 2017 KINGFA Young Investigator Award

Hu was selected for this award based on several fronts of wood nanocellulose-based technologies.

UMD’s bio-compatible battery garners international coverage

One-of-a-kind device showcased for medical, scientific advances

3D-Printed Evaporator is Sustainable Approach to Water Shortage

The evaporator uses solar energy to efficiently purify water.

UMD Engineering Gives Solar Decathlon Team a Competitive Edge

What if we told you that wood can be used to make a smart window that is more energy efficient than glass?

Liangbing Hu Wins NANOLetters Young Investigator Award

Dr. Hu was selected for this award for his contributions to the fields of nanoscience and nanotechnology.

MSE Researchers Interviewed by Voice of America

Scientists in Liangbing Hu's research group explain novel uses of wood.

Safer Batteries Made With Wood

Nature's 'bio-structure' helps UMD/MSE engineers solve Li metal battery failure problems.

UMERC exhibits large presence at 2017 DOE ARPA-E Energy Summit

UMERC  confirms its role as a leader in energy research, development, and innovation.

UMERC’s Liangbing Hu pitches transparent wood technology at 2017 ARPA-E Innovation Summit

UMERC is a multidisciplinary initiative dedicated to advancing the frontiers of energy science and technology.

A peek under a hybrid’s hood reveals wood?

Engineers at UMD make all-wood supercapacitor

UMD Researchers Find Ultra-thin Solution to Primary Obstacle in Solid-State Battery Development

Clark School researchers are developing game-changing solid-state battery technology

Transparent Wood: Clark School Research in the News

‘Cooler than glass’ windows receive international coverage

DOE Awards $1.25M to UMERC Researchers to Develop Safer, Better Batteries

The Department of Energy awards UMD research on safer, better Lithium-ion battery technology as part of a $137 million investment in vehicle efficiency.

Wood Windows are Cooler than Glass

A study by engineers at the University of Maryland shows that natural microstructures in transparent wood are the key to lighting & insulation advantages.

A View Through Wood Shows Futuristic Applications

Transparent wood made at UMD could create new windows, cars and solar panels

Hu and Munday Win Young Investigator Award

Liangbing Hu and Jeremy Munday win the 2016 Office of Naval Research Young Investigator Award.

UMD has Largest University Showing at 2016 ARPA-E Summit

UMD researchers showcase transformative energy research at ARPA-E Energy Innovation Summit

CREB Kicks Off its Research and Innovation Seed Grant Program

Collaboration between UMD, NIST, and ARL facilitated by seed grant from the Center for Research in Extreme Batteries.

You’ll Never Be-Leaf What Makes up This Battery

UMD materials scientists bake oak leaf, add sodium to cook up new large-scale battery possibility

Hu wins 2015 Junior Faculty Outstanding Research Award

Shows "promise [for] significant and lasting impact" in nanoscience

University of Maryland Researchers Accept NASA Mission: Build a Better Battery for Space Exploration

UMD researchers awarded NASA funding for advanced energy storage technology

New Battery Demonstrates “Sweet Spot” of Electrolyte Thickness and Composition

Atom-scale synthesis makes highly conductive LiPON for solid-state battery

Transparent, Interactive Nanopaper Uses Touch to Generate Electricity

New material described in ACS Nano, featured in Nanowerk and C&EN.

Small Can Be Strong and Tough

The smaller the cellulose fibers, the stronger and tougher the paper they make, to UMD researchers’ surprise

Thin coatings controlled at atomic scale protect high performance lithium anodes

Anodes with layer of alumina resist corrosion and cycle well

Creating Transparent Electronic Networks with Graphene-Based Ink

Printed transparent conductors are the first to use sodium ions embedded in reduced graphene oxide to boost performance.

Lacey Wins Nat'l Defense Science and Engineering Graduate Fellowship

Award supports graduate student’s study of printed and flexible electronics and batteries.

UMERC Researchers Came Out in Force at the ARPA-E Summit

UMERC Faculty promoted their transformative energy research last week at the ARPA-E Energy Innovation Summit

Saving Energy with ‘Personal HVAC Systems’

UMD awarded more than $5 million by ARPA-E to fund potentially transformational research.

Faster Charging Technique Boosts Battery's Capacity

Unique in situ measurement of optical and electrical transport led to discovery.

Hu, Leite Named Outstanding Engineer and Scientist of the Year (VIDEO)

Materials Science professors receive awards from the Md. Academy of Sciences and Md. Science Center.

DOE Invests in UMERC Battery Research

The Energy Department selects UMERC’s solid-state Li-ion battery research to advance efficient vehicle technologies

UMERC's Advanced Energy Storage Technology Selected by NASA

Energy storage research at UMERC has been selected by NASA to potentially power future space missions.

Adding Lithium Boosts Transparency and Conductivity of Graphite

New material designed to boost performance of solar cells, displays, and electronics published in Nature Communications.

Munday, Hu and Collaborators’ Research on Inside Cover of Advanced Energy Materials

Interdisciplinary collaboration leads to use of cellulose fiber paper as antireflection coating for solar cells.

Hu, Wachsman Win Invention of the Year Award

MSE/UMERC professors team with U. Calgary to create advanced Li-ion batteries.

Nanopaper Featured in Nature Photonics News & Views

Article highlights Hu Group’s recent paper in Nano Letters.

Transparent Nanopaper Could Make Paper Electronics a “Thriving Technology”

Zhu presents work on new material at MRS and in Energy & Environmental Science.

Hu: Invited Talk at Printed Electronics U.S.A.

Professor presents group's development of transparent and conductive paper.

Student’s Presentation of Conductive Nanopaper Featured in MRS Meeting Scene

New version composed of cellulose “nanoribbons” and silver wires can be produced using less energy.

NSF Grants for Graphene Research Awarded to Hu, Rubloff

Research at the nano-scale nets university over half-million dollars in funding

UMD Researchers Awarded Two ARPA-E Grants for Electric Vehicle Energy Storage Systems

Eric Wachsman and Chunsheng Wang receive funding to create innovative batteries for electric vehicle energy storage systems.

UMD Energy Innovations Featured Prominently in the News

Clark School energy research, including solid oxide fuel cells and wood battery, featured in variety of mainstream media outlets.

"Battery Made of Wood" Featured on National Public Radio (Audio)

Professor and alumnus interviewed for Morning Edition.

A Battery Made of Wood?

Wood fibers help nano-scale batteries keep their structure

Flexible Nanopaper Featured in Chemical & Engineering News

ACS Newsmagazine reports innovation in nanoscale technology

Air Force Supports Study on Nanopaper for Electronics, Aircraft

Hu wins prestigious Air Force Young Investigator Award.

Hu Joins MSE Faculty

Professor offers expertise in nanotech, energy devices and flexible electronics.